INDIGENOUS TO THE AMAZON RAINFOREST. Yerba Maté is a South American shrub of the Holly family. First discovered by Paraguay’s Guarani Indians it was used as a digestive aid. It is traditionally consumed in Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and surprisingly, Syria. It is a stimulating drink with a high level of Matteine an uplifting energy provider similar to caffeine. The preparation of yerbe maté is a ritual that can be compared to the great tea ceremonies of China. It is customarily prepared in a gourd and mixed with other plants and fruit before a straw, called a bombilla, is inserted for sipping.